Eczema is the most common of skin diseases, with inflammation, redness, blisters, accompanied by itch or sores. The exact cause of atopic dermatitis is currently unknown and ranges from allergies to being genetically inherited. The symptoms ranges from red scabs on the head and cheek through childhood, to dry skin from adolescence to adulthood, becoming rough and itchy.

Atopic dermatitis

Eczema is a type of inflammation that occurs in the skin. There are different types of eczema, but in this page atopic dermatitis is covered. It is an overreaction to biological substances and allergens. Antigens such as mites and dust (allergens) stimulates the skin, and chemical mediators such as histamine is released from mast cells in the body. When histamine is released, skin reacts sensitively, and allergy symptoms such as itching and eczema is the result.

Symptoms: inflammation and chronic itching

People prone to eczema may be hypersensitive to sweating and changes in temperature, and external stimuli. Symptoms will vary to some extent by age, but generally affecting the entire skin in general, especially the elbows, knees, and neck. Skin feels grainy, and it can be itchy with sores.

Daily skin care routine

Appropriate care of skin is vital in order not to exacerbate the condition. Dry skin is particularly vulnerable, so moisturising and and cleaning are most important. In addition, symptoms will likely worsen with stress, etc., so it is also necessary to keep a stress-free lifestyle.

Gentle cleaning: Keeping the skin clean is important to get rid of dirt and sweat in particular. However, do rinse well so that the shampoo, conditioner or soap do not remain on skin. Ensure that vigorous scrubbing or rubbing is to be avoided.

Clean rooms: Dust mites and mold cause skin irritation and are everywhere. Clean rooms daily if possible, at the same time air the rooms. Rapid changes in temperature and humidity aggravates itching, so air conditioning may be required to regulate the temperature in a room.

Medication: With dry symptoms you can use topical steroids and cream with high moisture retention and ointment. When severe symptoms occur, oral medication such as antihistamines can prevent worsening of symptoms and relieve itching.