Category Archives: Remedies

Watching Over Your Eye Health: How to Stay Away from Eye Infections this Monsoon Season

Eye Drops

It’s that time of the year again! No, we’re not talking about Christmas. We’re talking about the upcoming monsoon season Singapore is famous for. Being near the equator, Singapore experiences regular monsoons, and this rainy spell could cause an increase in occurrence of eye infections.

How Does Monsoon Season Affect Eye Health?

The rapid development of afternoon and early evening showers increases the moisture content in the air which enables more bacteria and pollutants to thrive. The strong winds during monsoon season will be picking up more dirt and contaminants that may get into your eyes and cause an infection.

Types of Common Eye Infections

The three types of common eye infections that usually occur during the monsoon seasons are: Conjunctivitis, Styes and Corneal Ulcers.

1. Conjunctivitis: Red or Pink Eye

Conjunctivitis is most commonly known as pink eye or red eye. Pink eye is a common eye infection that occurs when the air quality is not as excellent. As the monsoon winds tend to carry more dirt and bacteria, exposure to such microbiological agents may cause your eye to be irritated and inflamed – turning pink or red and watery.

There are different types of conjunctivitis; several factors can cause pink eye and you may need different treatment for them. For example, patients with persistent allergic conjunctivitis may be prescribed with topical steroid drops which are not for viral-infected conjunctivitis.

If your eyes are feeling gritty, looking red and inflamed, and excreting discharge, you should see a doctor to determine the exact cause of your eye infection and seek advice on the best course of eye infection treatment.

2. Stye

A stye is a bacterial infection of the eyelash follicles or oil glands that manifests as a painful lump along the eyelid. It is typically treated with a warm compress. Styes are common eye infections that occur during monsoon seasons because of bacteria transfer – those who suffer from colds and runny noses may transfer the bacteria from the nose to the eyelids when touching their face with their hands.

A visit to the eye doctor is also recommended to recover quickly from a stye and to ensure that it is nothing serious. You can also try proven home remedies like warm compression and gentle massaging with clean hands to aid the recovery process.

3. Corneal Ulcer

A corneal ulcer is an infection of the cornea caused by bacteria, fungus, viruses, or parasites in water. It is highly prevalent among contact lens wearers who do not practise proper contact lens care. The occurrence of corneal ulcers is also prevalent during monsoon seasons due to the quality of the air. The increased density of microbiological agents in the atmosphere increases the risk of viral, bacterial or fungal infection, in the form of an open sore in your cornea.

Strong winds during monsoon seasons will also cause your eyes to dry out faster and more frequently, thus increasing chances of abrasion on the cornea. It is recommended to see a doctor immediately if you suspect a corneal infection, as severe corneal ulcers could require a corneal transplant. Symptoms include severe pain in the eye, redness and swelling, discharge, and blurring of vision.

Eye Infection Treatment

In most cases of eye infection, a visit to the  doctor is highly recommended. This is because it is better to determine the exact cause of your eye infection and get the correct treatment for it. Some cases of eye infection, especially the non-viral ones, would need treatments with antibiotic eye drops. Wrong treatment of an infection is dangerous as it could  worsen the condition of your eye.

Preventing Eye Infection

The most efficient strategy  is to adopt the policy of “proactiveness” in terms of eye health and eye care to reduce the chances of being prone to any eye infection.

  • Practise good contact lens care
  • Wear glasses/sunglasses when out
  • Avoid exposing your eye to contaminated water
  • Avoid wearing make-up and contact lenses if you have an eye infection
  • Maintain and clean your eye with Satopharm’s Dorama eye drops

With our Japanese eye drops, you can prevent the build-up of dirt, dust and bacteria in your eye by removing them with our artificial tear-type eye drop. This will prevent the development of conjunctivitis and corneal ulcers. The cooling eye drops will also prevent clogged oil glands, impeding the growth of styes.

Save a trip to the doctor by practising good eye care. Get prepared for the monsoon season and grab the best eye drops at Sato Pharmaceutical today!

A Deep Dive Into the 3 Common Types of Nasal Sprays

Nasal Decongestion

Did you know that 13.1% of Singaporeans experience allergic rhinitis? Triggered by the body’s reaction towards allergens, this condition is manifested by bothersome symptoms such as blocked nose and non-stop sneezing.

If you are the unfortunate one out of ten people who suffers routinely from allergic rhinitis, you surely understand how frustrating these symptoms are. Fortunately, there are multiple solutions to relieve an allergic rhinitis attack. In this article, we will focus on nasal sprays – a clear choice for many due to their practical and straightforward application.

There are three common types of nasal sprays – each made up of various compositions. If you are looking for the best nasal spray to soothe sinus pressure and nasal congestion, read further to understand the intricacies of each type of nasal sprays to help pick the one best suited for you.

Understanding the Types of Nasal Sprays

1. Steroid Nasal Spray

Steroid nasal sprays contain corticosteroids – a type of manufactured drug used to treat a range of inflammatory conditions. While steroid nasal sprays are effective at reducing symptoms such as congestion, sneezing and runny nose, long-term use of any steroids can cause side effects. These include nosebleeds, nausea and headaches. Thus, it is highly recommended to follow the instructions when using a steroid nasal spray.

Steroid nasal sprays may not be the best option if you are looking for quick relief from allergic rhinitis or sinus discomfort. Upon use, it can take up to several days for a steroid spray to build up to its full effect, and a further two to four weeks for you to see tangible and significant benefits.

2. Saline Nasal Sprays

Saline sprays, as their name would suggest, contain a small amount of salt and sterilised water meant to thin mucus, clear debris and flush out the nasal cavity. The end goal is to clear your nasal pathways for easier breathing when congestion arises.

While saline sprays are great for individuals looking for a natural and non-medicated approach, this also means that it is typically not as effective in treating the full suite of allergy symptoms.

Furthermore, the effects of saline sprays are relatively short-lived compared to other nasal sprays. They are good in a pinch, but might not have the lasting effects one might want from a nasal spray.

3. Nasal Decongestant Sprays

Block or stuffy nose is caused by inflamed blood vessels in your nasal passages. Nasal decongestants offer quick relief by working to narrow these inflamed blood vessels, breaking the vicious cycle of continuous congestion and pressure. Decongestant sprays are extremely quick-acting and take effect in just a matter of minutes, offering you relief for up to 12 hours.

However, this efficacy does come at a price. Decongestant sprays should not be used for more than three to five days consecutively. Doing so will consequently lead to dependency on decongestant sprays, which may bring about complications down the road.

If you are looking for a decongestant spray that can help you breathe easy, consider Sato Pharmaceutical Nazal Spray. Containing antihistamine – an ingredient that works by blocking the effects of histamine – Sato Pharmaceutical Nazal Spray is your fast-acting solution to allergies.

Choosing the Right Nasal Spray

Each type of spray comes with its own unique sets of pros and cons – some are more suitable for long-term use, while others are better utilised for short-term relief. As always, be sure to check in with your doctor prior to use if you are unsure if a nasal spray is a good option for you.

How Can You Protect Your Skin From the Relentless Sun?


Living in a tropical country like Singapore, where the sun shines at full force all year round, a complete sun protection strategy is indispensable.

Why the Need for Sun Protection?

Look, we know you love your Vitamin D – and so do we. But do you know that without sun protection, even limited exposure to the UV rays emitted from the sun can cause damage to your skin, no matter your skin colour or tone? UV rays not only cause your skin to age prematurely (think wrinkles), but they can also contribute to other issues such as discolouration, dark spots and congested skin.

With Singapore having one of the highest levels of ultraviolet radiation globally, lax attitudes towards sun protection will only lead to harmful, irreversible outcomes.

Is It Okay to Forgo Protection If You’re Staying Indoor All Day?

The short answer is no! While we very much would love to disregard sun protection as we lounge around the house on a lazy day, the truth is UV rays penetrate through window glasses.

And given that 80% of the sun’s rays can pass through clouds, even a cloudy, overcast day is not an excuse for you to get lax about sun protection. Take proactive actions to protect your skin, and your skin will thank you in the long run.

Ways to Keep Your Skin Protected and Healthy

Apply & Reapply Sunscreen

By now, you should know that sunscreen is your first line of defence against the sun. But what are the best types of sunscreen to use?

Well, opt for a broad spectrum sunscreen – one that helps filter both UVA and UVB rays. Experts also recommend using sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher before heading outdoors for the day and SPF 15 if you stay indoors. For adequate protection, a good rule of thumb is to reapply sunscreen every two hours as the sun breaks down all active ingredients in sunscreen over time.

Edible Sunscreens for Added Protection

Topical sunscreen alone is not sufficient if you are spending a long day in direct sunlight. Here is where oral sunscreens can help close the gap, offering double UV protection. Consumed in the form of pills, oral sunscreens typically contain potent antioxidants to protect not just your face, but also your entire skin surface against free radicals.

Accessorize with Hats and Shades

Last but not least, wearing sun-protective items can go a long way in protecting your skin against harmful UV rays. Sunglasses with 99% to 100% UV absorption provide optimal protection for the eyes and the tender skin around them, while hats with wide brims protect your nose, cheeks, scalp and neck.

Ways to Reduce Pigmentation & Achieve Glowing Skin

Apart from the aforementioned, there are also ways you can reduce the harmful effects of UV rays.

Develop Healthy Eating Habits

Fuel your body with foods packed with nutrients, vitamins and minerals that can prevent and/or heal sun damage. These include:

  • Blueberries: All berries are rich sources of antioxidants that can neutralise the free-radical damage that sun exposure causes. The tiny anthocyanin-rich blueberry is believed to have the highest antioxidant capacity.

  • Green Tea: Polyphenol antioxidants found in green tea can protect your cells from UV-induced damage. It also contains vitamin E, which hydrates dry and cracked skin – a common side effect of sunburn.

  • Leafy Greens: Leafy greens such as kale and spinach are rich in beta-carotene, a powerful antioxidant known for its ability to renew and repair the skin. Lutein and zeaxanthin found in these greens also act as natural sunblock for your skin.

Hakubi White C Tablet & White C Drink Are Your Trump Card

One of the best Japanese whitening supplements, Hakubi White C Tablet and Hakubi White C Drink help to mitigate oxidative damage caused by UV exposure and suppress the production of melanin to tackle skin concerns such as pigmentation.

Comes in pill form, White C Tablet is formulated with higher L-cysteine and vitamin C content for enhanced skin whitening. Vitamin B6  also promotes active skin regeneration.

Not a fan of pills? White C Drink is the product for you. It is easy to consume; just one bottle a day, and is packed with vitamin C and vitamin B6 to help enrich the antioxidant properties of vitamin E. With White C Drink, maintaining healthy-looking skin has never been so effortless.

All You Need to Know About Vitamin C


As the world becomes more educated on the topic of immunity, vitamin C has received a great deal of attention as one of the biggest immune system boosters. Also known as L-ascorbic acid, vitamin C is an essential water-soluble vitamin and antioxidant – necessary for the growth, development and repair of all body tissues. For instance, the presence of vitamin C would speed up the healing process of wounds.

With potent antioxidant powers, vitamin C has also been associated with many impressive health and skin benefits, which include:

  • Lower risk of heart disease

  • Protection against immune system deficiencies and cardiovascular disease

  • Reduce inflammation

  • Neutralise harmful free radicals

  • Manage high blood pressure

  • Reduce appearance of wrinkles

  • Boost collagen production

However, due to the absence of the enzyme L-gulonolactone oxidase (GULO), human bodies, unlike 4,000 other species of mammals, can’t produce vitamin C. As such, it is imperative that we obtain them from diets or supplements.

How Much Vitamin C Should You Take a Day?

Now, while vitamin C is essential, it is also important to keep within the recommended intake. Too much of it can lead to adverse gastrointestinal repercussions such as diarrhoea, nausea, cramps, abdominal discomfort and more. As the adage goes, “too much of a good thing is bad for you” – moderation is vital.

So, how much is too much?

The maximum intake for adult men and women is 2000mg a day – but experts from the Food and Nutrition Board (FNB) at the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academies recommend 90 mg for healthy adult men and 75 mg for healthy adult women. Individuals who smoke will require 35 mg more vitamin C than nonsmokers.

If you are unsure of how much vitamin C to take per day, be sure to consult your doctor.

Signs of Vitamin C Inadequacy

Due to the widespread availability of vitamin supplements and fortified foods, severe vitamin C deficiency (scurvy) is relatively rare in developed countries like Singapore. But here are some signs indicating that your body is running low in vitamin C:

  • Fatigue

  • Weakness

  • Irritability

  • Weight loss

  • Muscle and joint aches

Natural Food Sources

Thankfully, vitamin C is relatively ubiquitous in the diet, with fruits and vegetables being the best sources. Fruits and vegetables high in vitamin C include:

  • Citrus fruits (tomatoes, orange, grapefruit, limes and lemon)

  • Red and green peppers

  • Broccoli, cabbage and cauliflower

  • Berries (strawberries, raspberries, blueberries and cranberries)

  • Kiwi fruit

  • Potatoes

Why Do People Take Vitamin C Supplements?

We get it – at this point, you must be thinking, “If we can get sufficient vitamin C through whole foods, why do people still take vitamin C supplements anyway?”

Well, simply because it is not always practical for everyone to consume the required amount of vitamin C needed through fruits and vegetables on a daily basis. Due to hectic work schedules and busy lifestyles, more Singaporeans are adopting poor eating habits – such as relying on snacks and ready-to-eat processed foods to fill their tummies. Unfortunately, these meal alternatives do not offer the same amount of essential vitamins and minerals as whole foods.

Here is where supplements come in handy. These “health in a bottle” offer hard-to-beat convenience, making it easier for individuals to fill the nutritional gaps.

The Different Forms of Vitamin C Supplements

Vitamin C supplements come in a variety of forms, including tablets, capsules, gummies, liquid and more. Within our Hakubi range alone, you can find them in liquid and tablet forms. As of now, there are little to no scientific evidence that any form is better than another – so it is entirely up to your personal consumption preferences.

Give Our Hakubi Range a Try

If you are in search of Japanese vitamin C supplements, our Hakubi White C Tablets and Hakubi White C Drink are among the best in the market. Stay on top of your vitamin C game with Sato Pharmaceutical today!

Self Care & Why is it So Important?


“Self care” is a term that gets thrown around a lot these days, but it can be hard to pin down what it exactly entails. What does self care really mean? How do we know if we are taking good care of ourselves?

Well, self care is a concept which, by far, has no single definition. A broad term encompassing the idea of recharge and recovery, self care generally refers to anything one can do to improve or preserve their physical, mental, emotional and spiritual well-being.

It is important for us to establish that no matter how indulgent the term may sound, self care is certainly not synonymous with selfishness or self-indulgence. Many of us tend to feel guilty for thinking that we need to take a break in life to rejuvenate and make ourselves feel better – but look, taking the time to check in with our minds and bodies is far from being selfish.

When we look after our minds and bodies, the effects manifest throughout our lives. We become better versions of ourselves – be it in our personal lives or work. Not to mention, it makes a positive difference to the people in our social sphere too. After all, well-being is contagious.

Self Care in the Time of COVID-19

Between grappling with the uncertainties of what the future holds and adapting to the new normal, COVID-19 has given us plenty of reasons to feel anxious, negative and stressed over the past year. Just when the numbers started to trend down, and Singaporeans gradually returned to a sense of normalcy, new COVID variants threw new threats and revealed that we are far from out of the woods. In a time of coping with stress, fear and anxiety, self care may seem frivolous – but the truth is that it is more important than ever before. With everything that is happening around us, the prime time for self care is now!

Rethink Your Self Care Routine With These Tips

Since self care is a highly individual practice, there aren’t any one-size-fits-all strategies or best ways to approach the routine. For some people, self care means whisking away to luxurious spa sessions and indulging in full-blown retail therapy. For others, taking a daily walk with their pets in the park or treating themselves to a bubble bath could be the greatest act of self care. So go easy on yourself and do whatever floats your boat – as long as it works for you.

If you are unsure of where to start, don’t fret. Here is a rundown of our best self care tips, including small lifestyle changes that can help you stay happy, healthy and resilient.

1. Don’t Skimp on Sleep

Getting adequate sleep is the foundation of all self-care endeavours – all the stress relief activities will not work if you don’t give your body the rest it needs. Take care of your basic needs first above all else.

2. Keep Yourself Accountable With a To-Do List

If having a structured routine helps you stay focused and get things done, plan out a to-do list. Break your day into chunks, indicate your priorities and don’t forget to carve out a few moments for your favourite activities. This not only gives you an opportunity to see what is ahead but also enables you to build in time to relax and unwind.

3. Keep Fit

Fitness and exercise are important parts of any self care routine – for scientific reasons. Exercise increases cardiovascular activity and bumps up the production of feel-good neurotransmitters in the brain, or what we call endorphins, which are found to have a direct impact on stress levels. So go on and hit the ground running.

4. Stay on Top of Your Game With the Best Selling Collagen in Japan

Nourish yourself from the inside out by incorporating Hakubi Collagen Pills or Hakubi Collagen Drink into your daily ritual. These Japanese collagen supplements contain plenty of skin-boosting benefits, such as improved skin hydration and elasticity.

When you look good, you naturally feel good. And you will find yourself oozing with confidence, ready to take on anything life throws at you.

Final Remarks

Self care is an absolutely necessary part of living a healthy and meaningful life. So be kind to yourself, allow good and nourishing things into your life and make self care a priority today.

What Makes Dorama-Neo Eye Drops One of the Best-Selling Japanese Eye Drops for Red or Irritated Eyes?

Eye Drops

In the battle against Covid-19, Singapore has recently imposed further measures and restrictions under Phase 2 (Heightened Alert). Besides the cessation of dining-in at F&B establishments and limitations for social gathering, work-from-home has become the default, and schools have, too, shifted to full home-based learning. With that said, it is evident that digital technology will continue to play a massive role in ensuring business and education continuity during this time.

However, the inevitable surge in the use of digital technology comes with its own set of caveats. Studies have proven that people blink less significantly when interacting with digital devices – and the lack of blinking often results in eye redness, dryness, strain and irritation. Given the increment in digital engagement and reliance on digital devices, how can individuals combat those symptoms? One way would be to invest in eye drops.

Japanese Eye Drops: How to Pick Out the Best?

Japanese eye drops have quickly gained popularity over the recent years. Not surprisingly, the Japanese place great emphasis on eye health, which led to the innovation of eye drops with advanced formulas. You will find more than a dozen different types of Japanese eye drops, each claiming to do a combination of things, while walking down a pharmaceutical aisle or browsing through an online catalogue. But with so many eye drops available, how do you choose the best one for your precious eyes? The truth is – there is more to choosing eye drops than meets the eye. It is important to know that not every eye drop is designed for the same purpose. First, consider why you need the eye drop. Then, you might want to narrow down your search by browsing through online reviews. In this endeavour, the chances are that you will come across the highly advocated brand, Dorama-Neo.

A Review of Dorama-Neo Eye Drops

What is it that makes Dorama-Neo one of the most sought-after products in the market? We take a look at that below.

Made to Reliably Mimic Human Tears

Formulated with the same components as human tears, Dorama-Neo eye drops supplement and stimulate the natural tear film while providing exceptional comfort. They also contain particles to increase the moisture in your eye for an extended period of time.

Gentle Formulation

Dorama-Neo eye drops are suitable for all eye types as they are made with a gentle formula and natural ingredients that work in tandem. Hence, individuals with sensitive eyes do not need to worry about running the risk of irritation.

Helps to Prevent Eye Diseases

By removing dirt, dust and contaminants that enter the eye, Dorama-Neo eye drops not only help to alleviate any discomfort but also prevents eye diseases.

Simply squeeze one to three drops into each eye as needed or as directed by a physician.

Cooling Effects

With gentle cooling effects, this Japanese eye drop leaves a refreshing sensation after use, providing instant relief for dry and tired eyes.


The cost of eye drops run across a broad spectrum. Retailing at a pocket-friendly price at Sato Pharmaceutical, Dorama-Neo is a winning pick for anyone who is looking for an effective yet affordable solution.

Give your eye the amount of care and attention they need today!