Lifestyle-related diseases, also known as chronic diseases are the major cause of death and disability worldwide, attributed mainly due to industrialisation, urbanisation, economic development and food market globalisation. People are now physically less active yet consuming a more energy-dense, nutrient-poor diet. Those affected are mainly young to middle aged people. Here are some examples of lifestyle-related diseases and their causes. While they are among the most common and costly health problems, they are also among the most preventable. By adopting healthy lifestyle practices such as having a healthy and balanced diet, being physically active, not smoking and drinking moderately, one can prevent or delay the onset of these diseases.
Gastric Ulcers and Duodenal Ulcers are peptic ulcers, with pain and sometimes bleeding. While the areas affected differ, the causes and symptoms are almost the same. Relief can be brought about with medication, but chronic or more serious cases need immediate attention by physicians. Overeating, mixture of medications, side effects of drugs, bacterial infection (Helicobacter pylori) and stress can be attributed as causes. The stress of a modern lifestyle is also sometimes blamed as one of the causes, and even with children, examination stress is not uncommon. De-stressing, and a change in one’s environment and lifestyle may offer relief and prevent recurrence.
A “fatty liver” is very common in most health checks . Liver function is measured by the enzymes GOT and GPT. The higher the GPT number, the more “fatty” the liver is, probably due to obesity in general, while a high GOT level suggests damage through over-consumption of alcohol. People who drink 3 glasses sake every day continually for 5 years or more are likely to have alcoholic liver failure, becoming weak, easily tired, with loss of appetite. It is important to note that fatty liver can go on to become liver cancer from chronic hepatitis.
The pancreas is attached to the duodenum at the back of the stomach and is the organ that secretes digestive enzymes. Pancreatitis is divided into acute and chronic, but (chronic pancreatitis of alcoholic men is about 70%) alcohol-caused of chronic pancreatitis most common. Enzyme flows out into the blood when there is inflammation of the pancreas. Abdominal pain, back pain, diarrhoea, weight loss, as well as pancreatic stones will occur. Commonly, treatment is sometimes delayed because pancreatic cancer is hard to tell, as it is easily mistaken for peptic ulcer.