Diabetes is a metabolic disease in which a person has high blood sugar, either because the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or because cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced. Insulin is a type of hormone produced by the pancreas that regulates carbohydrate and fat metabolism in the body.
The association between diabetes and inflammatory periodontal (oral) diseases has been studied extensively for more than 50 years.
“Research suggests that, as an infectious process with a prominent inflammatory component, periodontal disease can adversely affect the metabolic control of diabetes. Conversely, treatment of periodontal disease and reduction of oral inflammation may have a positive effect on the diabetic condition, although evidence for this remains somewhat equivocal.”
Dr. Brian L. Mealey, University of Texas Health Science Center
The most common oral problem with diabetic people is gum disease but diabetes can also make you prone to other mouth problems.